Jacaranda is a beautiful tree that belongs to the family Bignoniaceae. In the nature there are more than 49 known species of the genus Jacaranda. It is native to South America – Argentina, Brazil , Uruguay, Central America and the Caribbean. This genus is named after the tree – Jacaranda. The name comes from a Portuguese word that can be translated as “there is a hard core .” Many types of Jacaranda are widespread throughout the world as an ornamental plant , especially in tropical and subtropical regions of Australia, New Zealand , India , Fiji and South Africa.
Often, when it comes to “Jacaranda”, we mean Blue Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia) – one of the most attractive members of the species.
A mature tree can reach a height of ten meters. The trunk of Jacaranda is covered with gray-brown bark that in young plants is smooth and later become scaly. Branches have zig zag shape and reddish-brown hue. Jacaranda leaves are large with a length of 45 cm and consist of multiple pinnate small leaves.
The flowers of the Jacaranda form clusters that make the top young and flexible branches and hang under their weight. Sometimes the number of flowers in a cluster reaches ninety. The colors of the Jacaranda are elongated, slightly curved and shaped somewhat resemble the colors of the Digitalis purpurea.
Usually flowering begins in late spring – early summer and lasts about two months. After flowering they form flat pods with the original form in which grow many seeds – feathers.
When ripe , the pods become hard like wood.
Jacaranda is a deciduous tree. It prefers warm temperatures and plant is very susceptible to frost. Young trees, even at a temperature of -3 ° C can die, but older tolerated lower temperatures, such as a snap to -8-10 ° C. The plant likes a sunny location, well-drained sandy soils and is sensitive to strong winds. However tolerate drought well, although love often watering.
Jacaranda is naturally propagated by seeds and cuttings. Our company offers seedlings of Jacaranda produced by a method of in vitro technology.